Behavior/emotional disorders and physical activity

1. Rimmer, J., (2008). Promoting inclusive physical activity communities for people with disabilities. Research Digest, 9 (2), 1-8.

    The article under consideration is taken from President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports Research Digest. The author of the article is James H. Rimmer, working in Department of Disability and Human Development of Illinois University. The article under consideration touches upon major issues that health professionals should be aware of if they deal with people having disabilities, barriers they meet on the way to becoming physically active, the development and practical implementation of effective strategies for the physical activity levels increase, including the discussion of the current role of the National Center on Physical Activity and Disability.

2. The purpose of the study conducted is to introduce and summarize the inquiries, methods and procedures aimed at improving and maintaining function and quality of life among individuals with disabilities, older or younger alike. Its goal is also to focus on the direction of health and fitness professionals at providing accessible facilities, programs, and services to society members with different disabilities. Due to the analysis of the present day situation of health becoming a front-and-center issue for millions of people with disabilities, it is expedient to raise awareness of the population to put down physical, programmatic and attitudal barriers to achieve higher levels of physical activity.

3-4. People with disabilities confront substantial health risks, even when they wish to increase their physical activity levels they often face more barriers than general population. The multiple reasons for the increase of the inactivity factors include the growing rates of obesity, improved technology influence and the aging demographics. According to the data presented in statistics and figures, most people with disabilities do not achieve the recommended goal of thirty minutes a day at least five days a week.

People with disabilities claim to have considerably poorer health profiles compared to the general population, they have a higher incidence of obesity, smoking and physical inactivity. Health imbalance is supposed to be not only a result of having a disability, but is considered to be the result of lack of good health promotion practices. The results got in the course of study are consistent with those of previous reports; hence, naturally, it is found that activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living are more difficult to perform. To identify and overcome the barriers, Rimmer and Schiller developed a framework for addressing the barriers in the environment experienced by people with disabilities. The model is made up of the components: access, participation, adherence, health and function. A special program development on these components in a combination with financial investment will help health and fitness professionals.

5. The article under consideration is topical in terms of the population with disabilities increase, as the interaction between the natural aging process and secondary conditions related to disabilities create additional issues and greater physical demands from people with disabilities. The article provides readers with recent figures and statistics, thorough analysis of the present day situation, physical, programmatic and attitudal barriers and factors which influence the population with disabilities increase is not detailed. It accentuates the necessity to work out effective strategies and gives general approach to the issue, but it lacks concrete practical propositions. Though the National Center on Physical Activity and Disability is mentioned as a primary source of information and physical activity promotion, it does not examine possible ways of disability prevention and enumerates only some health promotion activities.

6. In general, the article’s content is of great importance for penetrating into the key issues of the questions studies and contributes to creating awareness of the juncture and increased participation in physical activity among people with disabilities.

Leave a Reply